Turkey court revokes Hagia Sophia’s museum status
Turkish high court ruling paves way for Istanbul’s 6th century Hagia Sophia to be reconverted into mosque.
A top Turkish court on Friday revoked the Byzantine-era Hagia Sophia’s status as a museum, clearing the way for it to be turned back into a mosque, the Anadolu state news agency has reported.
The Council of State, which was debating a case brought by a Turkish NGO, on Friday cancelled a 1934 cabinet decision and ruled the 6th century building would be reopened to Muslim worshipping.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan had proposed restoring the mosque status of the UNESCO World Heritage site, a focal point of both the Christian Byzantine and Muslim Ottoman empires and now one of the most visited monuments in Turkey.
"It was concluded that the settlement deed allocated it as a mosque and its use outside this character is not possible legally," the Council of State, Turkey’s top administrative court, said in a ruling.
"The cabinet decision in 1934 that ended its use as a mosque and defined it as a museum did not comply with laws," it said.
It was not clear if the ruling by the Council of State will go into effect immediately.
Hagia Sophia was first constructed as a cathedral in the Christian Byzantine Empire but was converted into a mosque after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453.
In the early days of the modern secular Turkish state under Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, it became a museum in 1935.
In response to the ruling, the Russian Orthodox Church on Friday said the decision could lead to even greater divisions.
The United States, Russia and Greece, along with UNESCO, had expressed concerns ahead of the ruling.
Erdogan earlier this month rejected international criticism as an attack on Turkey’s sovereignty.